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Phillip Manning, Professor

Director and Curator, Mace Brown Museum of Natural History

Address: SSMB 242
Phone: 843.953.5596


University of Sheffield, UK

PhD 1999

University of Manchester, UK

MSc 1993

University of Leicester, UK

BSc (Hons) 1988

Research Interests

Synchrotron-based imaging and spectroscopy, vertebrate ichnology, biomechanics, paleopathology, arthropod paleoecology, x-ray microtomography of structural biomaterials, paleoproteomics, bioarchaeology, evolutionary respiratory biology and vertebrate taphonomy.

Dr. Manning undertakes interdisciplinary research whilst maintaining a diverse global research program in both the field and laboratory. His research benefits from the application of new techniques and technologies borrowed from physics, biology, chemistry, engineering, and computational science. A large part of his research focuses on the use of synchrotron light to map and quantify the chemistry and taphonomy of fossils. The techniques that Dr. Manning and his research team have developed have allowed the reinterpretation of several iconic fossils, not least Archaeopteryx. His research and the associated innovations have been adopted and employed by industry, especially in the case of the synchrotron-based imaging that has provided huge insight to the preservation (taphonomy) of fossilised soft-tissue. His research has led to significant developments that have had a sustained impact on synchrotron users from multiple disciplines. Dr. Manning has focussed his research and teaching in support of his outreach to wider audiences to further develop the public engagement of science. Dr. Manning has established an international research network, including collaborations with colleagues at Stanford University (USA), University of Pennsylvania (USA), University of Oxford (UK), American Museum of Natural History (USA), Memorial University (Canada) and the University of Manchester (UK). These research collaborations have further strengthened and maintained Dr, Manning’s research productivity, whilst sustaining its impact to a wide audience, especially through his media work and public lectures.

Courses Taught

GEOL 333/333L Paleontology

Honors and Awards

Nov. 2015-present        Extraordinary Visiting Scientist, The Children’s Museum of Indianapolis, Indianapolis, USA.

Dec. 2010-present       Honorary Research Scientist, Zhucheng Museum, Shandong Province, China.

Science in Society Fellow (2014-2018), Science and Technology Facilities Research Council (UK).

Distinguished Lecturer (2014-2015), American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG).

Fellow of the Explorer’s Club, (Jan. 2014-present) New York (USA).

Queens Anniversary Prize, (Nov. 2013) one of the most prestigious awards in higher education in the UK was awarded to the University of Manchester in November 2013. Dr. Manning was part of the team that prepared the application for the award, integrating science and outreach.

Top 10 Scientific Discoveries of 2011 (December 2011), La Recherche Magazine for research published in the journal Science (Wogelius, R.A., Manning, P.L., et al 2011).

Top 50 Scientific Discoveries of 2009 (December 2009), Discover Magazine Award, for Manning et al (2009) published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

Royal Opening of Exhibition (June 2000), at the Yorkshire Museum York. HRH Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Phillip opened the ‘Walking with Dinosaurs’ exhibit that was co-designed and built by Dr. Manning when he was Keeper of Geology at the Yorkshire Museum (UK).


*student coauthors

Edwards, N.P., van Veelen, A., *Anné, J., Manning, P.L., Bergmann, U., Sellers, W.I., Egerton, V.M., Sokaras, D., Mori, R.A., Wakamatsu, K., Ito, S. and Wogelius, R.A. 2016. Elemental characterisation of melanin in feathers via synchrotron X-ray imaging and absorption spectroscopy, Nature Scientific Reports, in-press.

*Anné, J., Wogelius, R., Edwards, N.P., van Veelen, A., Buckley, M., Jeynes, C., Barden, H. Ignatyev, K., and Manning, P.L. 2016. Chemistry of bone remodelling preserved in extant and fossil Sirenia, Metallomics, 8, 508-513 (DOI: 10.1039/c5mt00311c).

*Harvey, V., Egerton V.M., Chamberlain A.T., Manning P.L., and Buckley, M. 2016. Collagen fingerprinting: A new screening technique for radiocarbon dating ancient bone, PLoS ONE 11(3): e0150650. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0150650.

*Brassey, C.A, O’Mahoney, T., Manning, P.L. and Sellers, W.I. 2016. Convex-hull mass estimates of the dodo (Raphus cucullatus): application of a CT-based mass estimation technique. PeerJ, 4:e1432

Razzolini, N.L., Vila, B., Díaz-Martínez, I. Manning, P.L., Galobart, À. 2015. Pes shape variation in an ornithopod dinosaur trackway (Lower Cretaceous, NW Spain): New evidence of an antalgic gait in the fossil, Cretaceous Research, 58, 125-134.

Harazim, H., McIlroy, D., Edwards, N.P., Wogelius, R.A., Manning, P.L. and Bergmann, U. 2015. Bioturbating animals control the mobility of redox-sensitive trace elements in organic-rich mudstone, Geology, doi:10.1130/G37025.1

Barden, H.E., Behnsen, J., Bergmann, U., Leng, M.J., Manning, P.L., Withers, P.J., Wogelius, R.A., van Dongen, B.E. 2015. Geochemical evidence of the seasonality, affinity and pigmenation of Solenopora jurassica, PLoS ONE 10(9): e0138305. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0138305.

*Anné, J., Garwood, R.J., Lowe, T., Withers,P.J. and Manning, P.L. 2015. Interpreting pathologies in extant and extinct archosaurs using micro-CT, PeerJ, DOI 10.7717/peerj.1130, 1-14.

Manning, P.L., Egerton, V.M., Romano, M. 2015. A new sauropod dinosaur from the Middle Jurassic of the United Kingdom, PLOS ONE, 10(6), 1-7, e0128107. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0128107.

*Hedrick, B.P., Manning, P.L., Lynch, E.R., Cordero, S.A. and Dodson, P. 2015. The geometry of taking flight: limb morphometrics in Cretaceous theropods. Journal of Morphology, 276, 152-166.

Egerton, V.M. Wogelius, R.A., Norell, M.A., Edwards, N.P., Sellers, W.I., Bergmann, U., Sokaras, D., Alonso-Mori, R., Ignatyev, K., Anné, J., and Manning, P.L. 2015. The mapping and differentiation of biological and environmental elemental signatures in the fossil remains of a 50 million year old bird. RSC, Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 30, 627-634.

*Barden, H., Perry, S., *Edwards, N.P., Veelen, A. van, Bergmann, U., Manning, P.L., Wogelius, R.A., Dongen. B.E. van. 2014. Bacteria or melanosomes? Geochemical analyses of micro-bodies on a tadpole from the Oligocene Enspel Formation of Germany, Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments, special issue Lake Enspel Formation of Germany, 1-13. eScholarID:242926 | DOI:10.1007/s12549-014-0177-5.

Manning, P.L., Wogelius, R.A., Dongen, B.E. van., Lyson, T.R., Bergmann, U., Webb, S., Buckley, M., Egerton, V., and Sellers, W.I. 2014. The role of skin pigment and biochemistry in the exceptional preservation of hadrosaur skin. In Eberth, D. A., and Evans, D. C. (eds), Hadrosaurs: Proceedings of the International Hadrosaur Symposium at the Royal tyrrell Museum. Indiana University Press, 600-610p.

*Edwards, N.P., Manning, P.L., Wogelius, R.A. 2014. Pigments through time. Pigment Cell and Melanoma Research, 5, 684-685.

*Anné, J., Wogelius, R.A., *Edwards, N.P., Tumarkin-Deratzian, A.R., Sellers, W.I., Bergmann, U., Dimosthensis, S., Alonso-Mori, R., Ignatyev, K., Egerton, V.M. and Manning, P.L. 2014. Synchrotron imaging reveals bone healing and remodelling strategies in extinct and extant vertebrates, Interface, 11,

Razzolini, N.L., Vila, B., Castanera, D., Falkingham, P.L., Barco, J.L., Canudo, J.I., Manning, P.L. and Galobart, A. 2014. Intra-trackway morphological variation due to substrate consistency: The El Frontal dinosaur tracksite (Lower Cretaceous, Spain), PLoS ONE 9(4): e93708. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0093708.

*Edwards, N.P., Manning, P.L., *Barden, H.E., Dongen, B.E. van., Larson, P., Bergmann, U., Sellers, W.I., Wogelius, R.A. 2014. Spatial preservation of bioaccumulated metals in 50 million year old fossil leaves, Royal Society of Chemistry, Metallomics, 6, 774-782.

Manning, P.L. 2014. Dinosaur Wars, Octopus Books, ISBN-10: 178325047X, ISBN-13: 978-1783250479. 64pp.

*Brassey, C.A., Holdaway, R.N., Packham, A.G., *Anne, J., Manning, P.L. and Sellers, W.I.  2013. More than One Way of Being a Moa: Differences in Leg Bone Robustness Map Divergent Evolutionary Trajectories in Dinornithidae and Emeidae (Dinornithiformes). PLoS ONE 8(12): e82668. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0082668

Sellers, W.I., Margetts, L., Coria, R.A. and Manning, P.L. 2013. March of the Titans: the locomotor capabilities of sauropod dinosaurs, PLoS ONE, 8(10): e78733. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0078733

Manning, P.L., *Edwards, N.P., Wogelius, R.A., *Barden, H., Larson, P.L., Schwarz-Wings, D., Bergmann, U., Egerton, V.M., and Sellers, W.I., 2013. Synchrotron-based chemical imaging reveals plumage patterns in a 150 million year old bird, RSC, Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 28(7), 1024-1030.

Vila, B., Oms, O., Galobart, A., Bates, K.T., Egerton, V. M. and Manning, P.L. 2013. Dynamic similarity in titanosaur sauropods: ichnological evidence from the Fumanya dinosaur tracksite (southern Pyrenees), PLoS ONE, 8(2): e57408. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0057408.

*Brassey, C.A., Margetts, L., Kitchener, A.C., Withers, P.J., Manning, P.L., Sellers, W.I. 2013. The role of cross-sectional geometry, curvature and limb posture in maintaining equal safety factors: A computed tomography study. The Anatomical Record, 296(3), 395-413.

Castanera, D, Vila, B, Razzolini, N.L., Falkingham, P.L., Canudo, J.I., Manning, P.L. 2013. Manus track preservation bias as a key factor for assessing trackmaker identity and quadrupedalism in basal ornithopods, PLoS ONE, 8(1), e54177. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0054177

*Brassey, C.A., Margetts, L., Kitchener, A.C., Withers, P.J., Manning, P.L., Sellers, W.I. 2013. Finite element modelling v’s classic beam theory; comparing methods for stress estimation in a morphologically diverse sample of vertebrae long bones. Interface, 10, doi: 10.1098/rsif.2012.0823.

*Edwards, N.P., Wogelius, R.A., Bergmann, U., Larson, P.L., Sellers, W.I., Manning, P.L. 2013. Mapping Chemical Ghosts in the Synchrotron, Applied Physics A, 111 (1), 147-155.

Bergmann, U., Manning, P.L., and Wogelius, R.A. 2012. Chemical Mapping of Palaeontological and Archaeological Artefacts Using Synchrotron X-Rays. Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 5, 361-389.

Sellers W.I., Hepworth-Bell, J., Falkingham, P.L., Bates, K., Brassey, C., Egerton, V.M., Manning, P.L. 2012. Minimum convex hull mass estimations of complete mounted skeletons, Biology Letters, doi:10.1098/rsbl.2012.0263.

Manning. P.L. 2012. Chemical Ghosts, PalaeoMedia Books, iTunes Bookstore  (, 30pp

*Barden, H.E., Wogelius, R.A., Manning, P.L., *Edwards, N.P., You, H., van Dongen, B.E. 2011. Morphological and geochemical evidence of melanin preservation in the feathers of the early Cretaceous bird Gansus yumenensis, PLoS ONE, 6(10): e25494. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0025494.

Manning, P.L. and Falkingham, P.L. 2011. Communicating science with dinosaurs. In Leng, J & Sharrock, W. (eds), Handbook of Research on Computational Science and Engineering: Theory and Practice, Information Science Reference (IGI), Chapter 24, 587-610.

Manning, P.L., Wogelius, R.A., Buckley, M., van Dongen, B.E., Lyson, T., Bergman, U. Webb, S. and Sellers, W.I. 2011. A Multidisciplinary approach to the analysis of fossil hadrosaur integument and the taphonomic role of skin pigment in exceptional preservation. International Hadrosaur Symposium extended abstract volume, Royal Tyrrell Museum of Palaeontology, Canada, 91-96.

*Schachner, E.R., Manning, P.L., and Dodson, P. 2011. Pelvic and hindlimb myology of the basal archosaur Poposaurus gracilis (Archosauria: Poposauridaea), Journal of Morphology, DOI:10.1002/jmor.10997.

Wogelius, R.A., Manning, P.L. Larson, P.L., *Barden, H., *Edwards, N.P., Webb, S.M., Sellers, W.I., Taylor, K.G., Dodson, P., You, H., Da-qing L. and Bergmann, U. 2011. Trace metals as biomarkers for eumelanin pigment in the fossil record, Science, 333(6049), 1622-1626.

*Edwards, N.P., Barden, B.E., Dongen, B.E. van, Manning. P.L., Bergman, U., Sellers, W.I., and Wogelius, R.A. 2011. Infra-Red mapping resolves soft-tissue preservation in 50 Million year old reptile skin. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B., doi: 10.1098/rspb.2011.0135

*Falkingham, P.L., *Bates, K.T., Margetts, L. and Manning, P.L. 2011. The ‘Goldilocks’ effect: Preservation bias in vertebrate track assemblages. Interface, 278, 3209-3218.

Manning, P.L., Wogelius, R.A., Buckley, M., Dongen, B.E. van, Lyson, T.R., Bergmann, U., Webb, S. and Sellers, W.I. 2011. A multidisciplinary approach to the analysis of fossil hadrosaur integument and the taphonomic role of skin pigment in exceptional preservation. The Hadrosaur Symposium, Royal Tyrell Museum (Canada), 91-100.

*Hedrick, B.P., Manning, P.L., McDonald, A., Morschhauser, E., Dodson, Margetts, L., Stevens, K.A., and Sellers, W.I. 2011. Shantungosaurus giganteus: the implications of body size on bipedality. The Hadrosaur Symposium, Royal Tyrell Museum (Canada), 62-63.

Falkingham, P.L. and Manning, P.L. 2011. The Transjurane Highway dinosaur tracksites and their biological significance and application for inchnological studies of dinosaur palaeobiology. Palaeontologie et Transurane, 34, 4-13.

*Johnson, M.R., Manning, P.L., Margetts, L., Withers, P.J. and Mummery, P.M. 2010. Virtual repair of fossil CT scan data. The Geological Curator 9 (3): 193 - 198.

*Falkingham, P.L., Bates, K.T., Margetts, L. and Manning, P.L. 2010. Simulating sauropod manus-only trackway formation using finite-element analysis. Biology Letters, doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2010.0403, 1-4.

*Falkingham, P.L., Margetts, L. and Manning, P.L. 2010. Fossil vertebrate tracks as palaeopenetrometers: confounding effects of foot morphology. Palaios, 25, 356–360.

*Falkingham, P.L., Milan, J. and Manning, P.L. 2010. A Crocodilian trace from the Lance Formation (Upper Cretaceous) of Wyoming. New Mexico Museum Special Publication, Bulletin 51, 171-174.

*Bates, K.T., *Falkingham, P.L., Rarity, F., Hodgetts, D., Purslow, A. and Manning, P.L. 2010. Application of high-resolution laser scanning and photogrammetric techniques to data acquisition, analysis and interpretation in palaeontology. International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing, and Spatial Information Sciences, XXXVIII, Part 5: 68-73.

Bergmann, U., Morton, R.W., Manning, P.L., Sellers, W.I., Farrar, S., Huntley, K.G., Wogelius, R.A, and Larson, P.  2010. Archaeopteryx feathers and bone chemistry fully revealed via synchrotron imaging, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107 (20), 9060-9065.

*Bates, K.T., Manning, P.L., Margetts, L. and Sellers, W.I. 2010.  Sensitivity analysis in evolutionary robotic simulations of bipedal dinosaur running. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 30(2) 458-466.

*Falkingham, P.L., Agenbroad, L.D., Thompson, K. and Manning, P.L. 2010. Bird tracks at the Hot Springs Mammoth Site, South Dakota. Ichnos, 17, 34-39.

Manning, P.L., Morris, P.M., McMahon, A., Jones, E., Gize, A., Macquaker, J.H.S., Marshall, J., Lyson, T., Wolff, G., Buckley, M. and Wogelius, R.A. 2009. Preserved soft-tissue structures and organic molecules in a mummified hadrosaur dinosaur from the Hell Creek Formation, North Dakota (USA). Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B., 276 (1672), 3429-3437.

*Bates, K.T., Manning, P.L., Hodgettts, D., and Sellers, W.I. 2009. Estimating mass properties of dinosaurs using laser imaging and 3D computer modelling. PLoS One, 4 (2), 1-26.

Manning, P.L., Margetts, L., *Johnson, M.R., Withers, P., Sellers, W.I., *Falkingham, P.L., Mummery, P.M., Barrett, P.M. and Raymont, D.R. 2009. Biomechanics of dromaeosaur dinosaur claws: application of x-ray microtomography, nanoindentation and finite element analysis. Anatomical Record, 292, 1397-1405.

*Bates, K.T., Breithaupt, B.H., Falkingham, P.L., Hodgetts, D., Matthews, N. and Manning, P.L. 2009. Integrated LiDAR and photogrammetric documentation of the Red Gulch Dinosaur Tracksite (Wyoming, USA). In: S.E. Foss, J.L. Cavin, T. Brown, J.I. Kirkland & V.L. Santucci (eds), Proceedings of the Eighth Conference on Fossil Resources, pp. 101-103.

*Falkingham, P.L., Margetts, L., Smith, I.M. and Manning, P.L. 2009. Reinterpretation of palmate and semi-palmate (webbed) fossil tracks: Insights from finite element modelling. Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology, Paleoecology, 271(1-2), 69-76.

Manning, P.L. 2009, Spotlight: Dinosaur Hunting, Biological Sciences Review, 22(2), 26-28.

Manning, P.L., Ott, C. and *Falkingham, P.L. 2008. The first tyrannosaurid track from the Hell Creek Formation (Late Cretaceous), Montana, U.S.A. Palaios, 23, 645-647.

Manning, P.L. 2008. T. rex speed trap. In Carpenter K. and Larson, P. L. (eds.), Tyrannosaurus rex: the tyrant king, Indiana University Press, 204-231.

*Bates, K.T., Manning, P.L., Hodgetts, D. and Villa, B. 2008. Three-dimensional modelling of dinosaur tracks. Palaeontology. 51 (4), 999-1010.

*Bates, K.T., Rarity, F., Manning, P.L., Hodgetts, D., Vila, B., Oms, O., Galobart, À. and Gawthorpe, R.L. 2008. High-resolution LIDAR and photogrammetric survey of the Fumanya dinosaur tracksites (Catalonia): Implications for the conservation and interpretation of geological heritage sites. Journal of the Geological Society, London, 165, 115-127.

Codd, J.R., Manning, P.L., Perry, S.F. and Norell, M. 2008. Avian-like breathing mechanics in maniraptoran dinosaurs. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B., 275, 157-61.

Manning. P.L.  2008. Grave Secrets of Dinosaurs: soft tissues and hard science. National Geographic Books, Washington D.C. (ISBN-10: 1426202199; ISBN-13: 978-1426202193), 320pp.

Sellers, W. I. and Manning, P.L. 2007. Estimating maximum running speeds using evolutionary robotics. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B., 274, 2711-2716.

Manning, P.L. 2007. Dinosaur Mummy: the life, death and discovery of Dakota. A dinosaur from Hell Creek. Kingfisher (UK: ISBN:978 0 7534 1402 6) and Houghton & Mifflin, (USA: ISBN978-0-7534-6047-4). Published in USA, UK, Canada, Japan, Spain, Portugal, Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Germany and Korea, 64pp.

Manning, P.L., Payne, D., Pennicott, J., Barrett, P. and Ennos, R.A. 2006. Dinosaur killer claws or climbing crampons? Biology Letters, 2 (1), 110-112.

Margetts, L., Smith I.M., Leng, J., Manning, P.L. 2006. Parallel three-dimensional finite element analysis of dinosaur trackway formation. Numerical Methods in Geotechnical Engineering, Graz University of Technology, 1-6.

Manning, P.L., Margetts, L., Leng, J.M. and Smith, I.M. 2006. Parallel three dimensional finite element analysis of dinosaur track formation. Parallel three dimensional finite element analysis of dinosaur track formation. 50th Palaeontological Association Meeting, Sheffield, UK, 63, 27.

Margetts, L., Smith, I.M., Leng, J., and Manning, P.L. 2005. Simulating Dinosaur Track Formation. In: Oñate, E. and Owen, D.R.J. (Editors), Extended Abstracts, VIII International Conference on Computational Plasticity (COMPLAS), CIMNE, Barcelona,1-4.

Manning, P.L. 2004. A new approach to the analysis and interpretation of tracks: examples from the dinosauria. In McIlroy, D. (ed), The Application of Ichnology to Palaeoenvironmental and Stratigraphic Analysis. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 228, 93-123.

Manning, P.L. 2001. Partnerships in palaeontology. In Parkinson, N. (ed.), A future for fossils. English Nature and National Museums & Galleries of Wales Publication, Geological Series No. 19, 91-95.

Manning, P.L. 2001. John Phillips (1800-1874), In Yorkshire People and Places. The Yorkshire Philosophical Society, 112-129.

Romano, M., Whyte, M.A., and Manning, P.L. (1999). New sauropod dinosaur prints from the Saltwick Formation (Middle Jurassic) of the Cleveland Basin, Yorkshire. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 52 (4), 361-369.

Manning, P.L. and Dunlop, J.A. 1995. Respiratory organs of eurypterids. Palaeontology, 38 (2), 287-297.